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SOCI 1001 (18)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4 Notes

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 1001
Professor
Tamy Superle
Semester
Fall

Description
Readings: Haenfler “Chapter 4: Hip Hop – “Doing Gender and Race in Subcultures,” pp. 45­60. Origins of hip hop ­ hip hop traces its beginnings to the streets of the South Bronx in 1970s New York City ­ the early pioneers were deejays who performed live in clubs, at block parties, or even in parks, encouraging enthusiastic crowd  participation   Hip hop culture ­ status and roles in the scene ­ hip hop culture consists of four basic elements or art forms; DJ­ing, MC­ing, break dancing, and graffiti Hip Hop, Urban Life, and Racism   Race in the United States ­racial ideology is the widely held system of beliefs about race in a given society, including explanations for racial equality ­race encompasses biological traits such as skin color, facial structure, and hair texture that society considers meaningful.   However, the actual meanings of race are socially constructed; what people think about race depends on their social  surroundings, varies from place to place, and changes over time.  There is no fixed biological meaning associated with race; in  fact, race doesn't necessarily depend upon the color of one's skin, as was evident in 19th and early 20th century immigration to  the United States when waves of Italian, Irish, Polish and other immigrants were not considered "white" ­ racism is a belief system asserting that one race is inherently inferior to another ­ racial scapegoating, or blaming social problems on a racial or ethnic category, fuels anti immigrant methods today that blame   unemployment and the healthcare crisis
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