Readings: Haenfler “Chapter 4: Hip Hop – “Doing Gender and Race in Subcultures,” pp. 4560.
Origins of hip hop
hip hop traces its beginnings to the streets of the South Bronx in 1970s New York City
the early pioneers were deejays who performed live in clubs, at block parties, or even in parks, encouraging enthusiastic crowd
Hip hop culture status and roles in the scene
hip hop culture consists of four basic elements or art forms; DJing, MCing, break dancing, and graffiti
Hip Hop, Urban Life, and Racism
Race in the United States
racial ideology is the widely held system of beliefs about race in a given society, including explanations for racial equality
race encompasses biological traits such as skin color, facial structure, and hair texture that society considers meaningful.
However, the actual meanings of race are socially constructed; what people think about race depends on their social
surroundings, varies from place to place, and changes over time. There is no fixed biological meaning associated with race; in
fact, race doesn't necessarily depend upon the color of one's skin, as was evident in 19th and early 20th century immigration to
the United States when waves of Italian, Irish, Polish and other immigrants were not considered "white"
racism is a belief system asserting that one race is inherently inferior to another
racial scapegoating, or blaming social problems on a racial or ethnic category, fuels anti immigrant methods today that blame
unemployment and the healthcare crisis