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SOCI 1001 (18)

Reading (p 3-13).pdf

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Carleton University
SOCI 1001
Michael Graydon

Reading (p3-13) Sociological Perspective: ▯ -suicide takes a surprising perspective on social events because, it is non- ▯ social. ▯ -because it is condemned by society, and committed in private ▯ -sociologist would be interested in the individual mind rather than ▯ on the state of society Durkheim and Suicide: ▯ -suicide is more than psychological disorder; it is influenced by social ▯ factors ▯ -examined between rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorder ▯ -predicted: suicide rates high, psycho disorder high -> WRONG (p6) ▯ - * ▯ * social solidarity: degree which group members share beliefs/values; ▯ frequencies of their interactions ▯ -argued the higher degree of social solidarity in a group, the less likely to ▯ kill oneself ▯ -he showed married adults are half as likely than unmarried adults to ▯ kill themselves because of marriages “social ties” - “suicide varies with the degree of integration of the social groups of which the ▯ individual forms a part” ▯ -sociology realizes that suicide rates are lower if the degree of which he/she ▯ is anchored in society is high Suicide in Canada Today: ▯ -men are 4x as likely as women to commit suicide ▯ -youth suicide much more common than 1960ʼs (due to the erosion of ▯ social ties, eg. church, unemployment is high, birth outside of marriage ▯ is a commonality) ▯ *level of social solidarity is lower than it was decades ago Suicide and the Innu of Labrador: ▯ -highest suicide rate: Aboriginals ▯ -greatest cause of injury-related deaths for Aboriginals ▯ -Innu: most suicide-prone people in the world ▯ -why? traditional norms & values have been destroyed, prevented from social ▯ interaction; social solidarity low ▯ -how? Innu: nomadic people, then forced to live in concentrated settlements, and ▯ government put pressure on people to conform to industrial society ▯ -Canadian society stripped the Innuʼs of their culture ▯ -absence of work ▯ -what? study showed that Innu that lived as their culture, stabilized ▯ -preventing this? Canada, Newfoundland because it will take over the land From Personal Troubles to Social Structures: ▯ - social structures: stable patterns of social relations ▯ -sociologist: connection b/w peopleʼs personal troubles and social ▯ structures that people are embedded in ▯ -three levels of social structure that surround us and radiate from us: ▯ ▯ - microstructures: patterns of intimate social relations; face-to-face interaction ▯ (family and friends)
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