Textbook Notes (362,796)
Canada (158,054)
Sociology (161)
SOCI 2450 (33)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2 crime stats.docx

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Carleton University
SOCI 2450
Darryl Davies

Chapter 2 Usefulness of crime stats - Crime dada is necessary to develop effective crime-prevention policies - Useful in determining the usefulness of a policy. Ex: whether or not young offender “boot camps” will reduce the amount of youth crime - Another example, the CPTED is based on a theory that the proper design and effective use of a physical space can help reduce the incidence of crime in that area. This theory is based on crime data showing that crime occurs more often in areas where the opportunities for criminal activity are greatest Sources of crime stats - Uniform Crime Report Survey: a summation of crime stats tallied annually by the Canadian Center for Justice Statistics and consisting primarily of data on crimes reported to the police - Victimization Survey: first conducted as the Canadian Urban Victimization Survey by Statistics Canada and then every 5 years as part of the General Social Survey. It provides data on surveyed households reporting that they had been affected by crime The Uniform Crime Report Survey - It provides a standardized procedure by which police departments across the country can collect information about crimes that come to their attention and then report this information to Stats Canada Programmatic problems with available data - Dark figure of crime: portion of criminal activity that goes unreported and/or undetected by official sources - Some people say sexual assault is the most underreported crime, because: • The victim’s fear of the perpetrator • The victim’s shame, which may carry over from traditional attitudes about sexual behavior and a woman’s role in sexual encounters • Fears the victim may have of not being believed • Victim’s fear of further participation in the justice system (ex: required to go to court and testify) - Broadening of terms like rape to sexual assault have resulted in an increase of the crimes (due to the broader definition of the criminal acts) Social dimensions of crime - Social dimensions of crime are the aspects of crime and victimization as they relate to socially significant attributes by which groups are defined, and according to which people are assigned group membership - Socially significant attributes include gender, ethnicity or race, age, income or wealth, profession, and social class
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