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SOCI 2450 (35)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 types of crime.docx

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SOCI 2450
Darryl Davies

Chapter 3 Violent crime - Homicide • Homicide: when a person, directly or indirectly, caused the death of another human being • Murder: when a person intentionally cases the death of another human being • 1 degree murder: culpable homicide that is planned and deliberate • 2 degree murder: all murder than is not 1 degree murder. Intentional and unlawful but not planned • Manslaughter: all non-intentional homicide - Sexual assault • Sexual assault: assault of sexual nature  Level 1: least physical injury. Includes touching. 97% of sexual assaults  Level 2: involves the use of a weapon or threats of a weapon, or results in bodily harm  Level 3: aggravated sexual assault, resulting in wounding, maiming, disfiguring or endangering their life - Other assaults • Sexual interference • Invitation to sexual touching • Sexual exploitation • Incest • Anal intercourse • Bestiality - Robbery • Robbery: unlawful taking or attempted taking of property that is in the immediate possession of another by threatened or actual use of force or violence - Assault • Assault: the intentional or threatened application of force on another person without consent  Level 1: assault or common assault. 77% of all assaults  Level 2: assault involving the use of a weapon or that causes bodily harm.  Level 3: assault that results in wounding or endangering the life of the victim • Most assaults perpetrated by males - Hate crime • Hate crime: a criminal act directed toward a person or group because of race, national or ethnic origin, religion, language, color, sex, age, sexual orientation, mental or physical disability • Only 40% of hate crimes were reported to the police in 2004 - Abduction - Attempted murder Theoretical explanation for violent crimes - Individual responsibility theory • It is the psychological makeup of each person that determines the way in which observed behavior is absorbed, processed, and acted upon • Some individuals may be exposed to violence in the home and never become violent themselves, while others are compelled to model their behavior on the actions, and even deviant actions, of others - Subculture of violence • Explanation for violent acts perpetrated by people from a certain subculture that promotes certain values or codes of conduct  Ex: expectation of a young man to defend his honor at all cost naturally leads to the use of violence is that is what is necessary to achieve this end - Feminist criminology perspective • Explain violence against women as resulting from societal inequalities due primarily to gender • The physical and sexual assaults perpetrated by men are to maintain their dominance over women • Thus, sexual victimization of girls is a behavior learned by young males in a patriarchal society Property crime - B&E • B&E: the unlawful entry of a place to commit an indictable offense  Residential: B&E of a private residence. 60% of B&E  Business: B&E of facilities used for commercial or public affairs. 30% of B&E  Other: B&E of private property structures (like a shed, or storage) 11% of B&E • 77% of B&E charges are adults • 23% of charges are youths 12 to 17 • Most B&Es are males - Theft • Theft: the act of dishonestly taking property belonging to another person with the intention of depriving its owner of it either permanently or temporarily • Females account for 1/3 of both adults and youths. Majority of the time, it is shoplifting - Motor vehicle theft • Motor vehicle theft: the taking of a vehicle without the owner’s authorization.A motor vehicle is defined as a car, truck, van, bus, recreational vehicle, semi-trailer truck, motorcycle, construction machinery, agricultural machinery, and go-karts, snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles or dune buggies  Excluded are boats, trains, aircrafts and spacecrafts • Accounts for 13% of all property crime • Least likely crime to be solved by police  Only 11% of thefts are identified • 30% of youths are the cause of motor vehicle theft, the majority are male • Much of vehicle theft is due to organized crime. In Canada, organized crime groups dealing with the likes operate primarily out of Montreal and Toronto Theoretical explanation for prope
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