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SOCI 2702 (5)
Chapter 6

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Carleton University
SOCI 2702
Charles Gibney

Power and Everyday LifeChapter 6Beginning with the End of Class AnalysisDaniel Bell suggested that the exploitation of industrial factory work would give way to the more favourable work environments of whitecollar offices and that new technologies would give people greater leisure timeThis postindustrial society would lead to a reduction of classbased inequalities and conflictsWithout the class inequality of industrial capitalism working class movements would be replaced by a wide range of identitybased social movementsEconomic and social transformation of the late 20th century created the need to fundamentally decentre class as a sociological conceptClass divisions are eroding in the industrialized economies of the capitalist West to the point where these societies are no longer class societiesClass should no longer be considered a basis for inequality or conflictClass Status and StratificationOnes class position is generally taken to refer loosely to ones income level with people often identifying upper wealthy middle and lower poor class as the range of class positionsWeber developed a complex and multidimensional system of class situations to describe the social organization of 19thcentury capitalismThis term class situation refers to the likelihood of procuring goods gaining a position in life and finding inner satisfactionspeople who may have similar levels of ownership and control over things like property land or a business or who had similar levels of skill andor education would have a similar class situationOnes class for Weber was determined through a wide range of situations defined by ownership of property individual assets occupation and skillsWeber did not see class as a singular experience as an individual could experience different class situations through their livesHis understanding of social class was that there was little potential for broadbased uniformity and unity in class situationsWeber identified four major social class groupings the working class the petty bourgeoisie small buisness owners propertyless interlligentsia and specialists whitecollar employees civil servants etc and classes privileged through property and educationHe saw great potential for differentiation among the working class and different levels of education could create variation in class situation among whitecollar workersWeber also introduced the concept of status which he used to denote a form of social esteem
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