RELI 216 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Islamic Fundamentalism, Islamic Culture, Islamism

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Since the collapse of the soviet union, and definitely since september 11th, 2001, the question of islam and the west has been central to the concerns of western societies. Because most westerners know so little about the world of islam, a great sense of uneasiness enter the numerous discussions about it. During recent ti(cid:373)es, the idea that there(cid:859)s a (cid:272)lash of (cid:272)i(cid:448)ilizatio(cid:374)s has (cid:271)e(cid:272)o(cid:373)e (cid:448)ery popular. This is a ter(cid:373) ofte(cid:374) used i(cid:374) dis(cid:272)ussio(cid:374)s a(cid:271)out isla(cid:373). This is a (cid:449)ord that(cid:859)s very often misunderstood. Dictionary. com defines it as: (cid:862)a usuall(cid:455) religious (cid:373)o(cid:448)e(cid:373)e(cid:374)t or poi(cid:374)t of (cid:448)ie(cid:449) (cid:272)hara(cid:272)terized (cid:271)(cid:455) a retur(cid:374) to fundamental principles, by rigid adherence to those principles and often by i(cid:374)tolera(cid:374)(cid:272)e of other (cid:448)ie(cid:449)s a(cid:374)d oppositio(cid:374) to se(cid:272)ularis(cid:373). (cid:863) But fu(cid:374)da(cid:373)e(cid:374)talis(cid:373) (cid:272)o(cid:373)es fro(cid:373) a(cid:374)other histori(cid:272)al pla(cid:272)e a(cid:374)d ti(cid:373)e. it(cid:859)s related to: (cid:862)a(cid:374) orga(cid:374)ized, (cid:373)ilita(cid:374)t e(cid:448)a(cid:374)geli(cid:272)al (cid:373)o(cid:448)e(cid:373)e(cid:374)t origi(cid:374)ati(cid:374)g i(cid:374) the u(cid:374)ited. Stated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in opposition to protestant.

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