Lecture 10 - Chapter 10.docx

3 Pages

Health and Human Performance
Course Code
HAHP 2000
Matthew Numer

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Chapter X Socio­Emotional Development in Middle & Late Childhood EMOTIONAL & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT: The Development of Self­Understanding: • Self­understanding in middle & late childhood shifts from defining oneself through external  characteristics to defining oneself by internal characteristics • Elementary school children define themselves in terms of social characteristics • Self­understanding now includes social comparison o What they can do in comparison with others Industry vs. Inferthrity: • Erikson’s 4  stage o Children become interested in how things are made & how they work (industry) • Children’s sense of industry increases when efforts to make/build things is encouraged o Parent’s who see children’s efforts as making mischief/mess encourage inferiority • School plays a very important role in this stage Emotional Intelligence: • Concept of emotional intelligence involves ability to o Monitor one’s own & other’s feelings/emotions o Discriminate among them o Use this information to guide one’s thinking & actions • Involves developing emotional self awareness, managing/reading emotions & handling  relationships Coping with Stress: • As children get older they become more accurate at appraising a stressful situation & how much  control they have over it o By age 10, able to use cognitive strategies to cope with stress • Children with variety of adapting techniques best equipped to adapt/function competently  during dramatic events • Recommendations for coping with stress include o Reinforce ideas of safety/security o Listen/tolerate children’s retelling of events o Encourage talk of confusing feelings, worries, daydreams, concentration disruptions o Help children make sense of what happened o Reassure such that they can handle stressful feelings over time o Protect children from re­exposure to frightening situation/reminders of trauma GENDER: Gender & Care Perspective: • Kohlberg’s theory is a justice perspective that focuses on the rights of the individual o Individuals stand alone & independently make moral decisions • Care perspective is a moral viewing of people in terms of connectedness with others 1 Chapter X Socio­Emotional Development in Middle & Late Childhood o Emphasizes interpersonal communication, relationships with & concern for others • Carol Gilligan believed Kohlberg underplayed care perspective in moral development o Why? He primarily used males for his research, based theory on male responses • Gilligan’s research found girls interpret moral dilemmas in terms of human relationships Gender differences in moral reasoning are likely not absolute Gender Similarities & Differences: • When examining similarities & differences, keep in mind o Differences are average
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