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Chapter 15

HPRO 4412 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Transvestic Fetishism, Paraphilia, Cross-Dressing


Department
Health Promotion
Course Code
HPRO 4412
Professor
Prof.Numer
Chapter
15

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Chapter 15 – Variations in Sexual Behaviour
Normal sexual behaviour is in terms of conforming to a standard.
Abnormal Sexual Behaviour
Referred to as paraphilias - intense, sexual interests other than genital stimulation
of consenting human partners
Paraphilia disorder
oParaphilia – causing distress or impairment on the individual, causes
personal harm or risk of harm (DSM5)
oHave a sexual desire or behavior that involves another person’s
psychological distress, injury, or death, or a desire for sexual behaviors
involving unwilling persons or persons unable to give legal consent.
Paraphilias
oExhibitionistic
oFetishitic
oVoyeurism
oFrotteuristic
oPedophilic
oSexual masochism
oSexual sadism
oTransvestic
Compulsive sexual behaviour and Sexual addictions
Addictions IS NOT A DSM5 DIAGNOSIS
Compulsive sexual behaviour – disorder experiences that are intense sexual
arousing fantasies
MORE SO A COMPULSION THAN AN ADDICTION
Why do People become fetishists?
Learning theory: Classical conditioning to an object as sexual
Cognitive theory: perception of arousal is distorted (misattribute
the arousal)
ADDICTION THEORY
oCarne’s four step cycle
Preoccupation
Rituals
Compulsive sexual behaviour
Despair
Transvestic disorder
Individuals emotionally distressed by cross dressing due to sexual excitement
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oIf individual reports sexual arousal to fabrics, materials that he is wearing
oIf individual is sexually aroused by thoughts of himself as a female
Does not apply to cross dressers in general, MUST BE DISTRESSED
Begin in childhood
Masturbating while cross-dressing during adolescence
DIFFERS FROM TRANSGENDERISH – dressing as other sex due to gender
dysphoria
Autogynephilia (increases gender dysphoria in men with tranvestic disorder) –
erotic target location error/sexual arousal from transformed images of oneself
instead of someone in the environment
Sadism and masochism
Sadist – arousal inflicting pain on another person
Masochist – arousal from experiencing pain
Bondage – physical and psychological restraints for servitude
Dominance and submission – consensual power given to the other person for
control over sexual stimulation
BDSM
oKink
oEncompasses sadism and masochism but also bondage, discipline,
domination and submission
oConsensual (nonconsensual IS NOT RELATED TO BDSM)
BDSM sexual practices do not result in psychological impairment, but when they
do it is because of the stigma from society
Sadism
oIntense sexual arousal by inflicting pains on another person
oManifested by fantasies, urges or behaviours
oMust have acted on a non-consenting person OR the sexual urges must
cause distress
Masochism
oDerives sexual pleasure by experiencing pain
oDiagnosis, MUST CAUSE SIGNIFICANT DISTRESS OR
IMPAIRMENT
Sadomasochistic behaviour
Rare form of sexual behaviour
25%
Milder forms are more common
Causes unknown
Accompanied by elaborate rituals and gadgetry
Voyeurism
A PEEPING TOM – THE FEAR OF GETTING CAUGHT IS THE MAIN
THING.
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