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NURS 4330 (2)

N2035 Ch 1 .docx

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Dalhousie University
NURS 4330
Patricia Sullivan

Chapter 1: The Role of Research in Nursing Significance of Research to Nursing Practice Carper’s 4 Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing: 1. Empirical Knowledge (empirics), the science of nursing 2. Aesthetics, the art of nursing 3. Personal knowing component 4. Ethics, the component of moral knowledge of nursing Research: the systematic, rigorous, logical investigation that aims to answer questions about nursing phenomena Phenomena: can be defined as occurrences, circumstances, or facts that are perceptible by the sense (eg. expression of pain or loss) Evidence-based practice: conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients Evidence based nursing: refers to the incorporation of evidence from research, clinical expertise, client preferences and other available resources to make decisions about clients Evidence-informed practice: builds upon foundation of evidence-based practice and involves acknowledging and considering they myriad factors beyond such evidence as local indigenous knowledge, cultural and religious norms. Also incorporates expert opinion, clinical expertise, patient preference, and other resources. Focuses on a more inclusive and interactive process. Research Study vs. Evidence-Informed Practice: Research study – question is tested with a design appropriate for the question and with specific methods. Evidence-informed Practice Process: question is used to search the literature for studies already completed that you will critically appraise in order to answer your clinical question • scientific investigation promotes accountability Application: • critical appraisal, must be a knowledgeable consumer of research, determine merit and readiness of research for use in clinical practice • Judge a study’s strength and quality and applicability to practice Data: information systematically collected in the course of a study; the plural of datum 1 Consumer: a person whose activity uses and applies research How does education in nursing research link theory and practice? • learning about nursing research will provide an appreciation and understanding of the research process • learning the value of nursing research helps you to become an intelligent consumer of research • Success of evidence-informed practice depends on ability, as a consumer of research, to understand the research process and to evaluate the evidence Role of RN’s in Research process • interpret, evaluate and determine credibility of research findings. • Decide whether or not findings have sufficient research to support them. The use competencies to advance nursing/interdisciplinary evidence- informed practice projects • Generating clinical questions to ID nursing issues that need more investigation • Participating in implementation of scientific studies • Research project members • Collecting and recording relevant data • Share research findings with colleagues • Pay attention to ethical principles View the research process as integral
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