CRIM 2416 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Defense Of Infancy, Juvenile Delinquency, Juvenile Court

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30 Jul 2016
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Youth CJS Chapter 1:
Adolescence refers to the state of life during which a person progress is
both biologically as emotionally. Child to adult.
bifurcated youth justice
system
two pronged justice system, meaning that it provides
avenues for the diversion of first time and less serious
young offenders out of the system. While at the same time
making possible more punitive forms of punishment for
more serious offenders
diminished criminal
responsibility
Channelview that individuals who are not adults should not
be fully responsible for criminal behavior
doli incapax legal doctrine that literally translates “ incapable of doing
harm”, Refers to English common law presumptions that
children between seven and 14 could not be prosecuted for
criminal offenses unless this presumption was contested by
crown
indeterminate sentences sentence of incarceration that have no fixed expiration
date, meaning that a person can be held in custody until
they are deemed by correctional officer's either to be
rehabilitated or two no longer pose a threat to society
juvenile courts specialized courts first created in the late 19th century to
apply juvenile justice laws in the care of dependent and
delinquent children
juvenile delinquency legal term which became popular in the 19th century. it
describes violations of the law by persons who had not
reached legal age of adulthood
juvenile delinquents act JDA first juvenile delinquency legislation 1908-1984
parens patriae legal doctrine that the state has a duty to assume the role
of a substitute parent in the case of delinquent or
dependent children who do not have parents who are
adequate in control or care for them
punishable young offender describe the discursive construction of some young
offenders as troublemakers and therefore require
punishment in order to make them accountable for criminal
acts
punitive turn thesis argument that in recent decades the criminal justice system
of many western countries have become more punishment
orientated, with longer prison sentences and higher rates of
incarceration
reformable young offender A term to describe the discursive construction of some
offenders as troubled and therefore needing intervention in
the hope of rehabilitation
status offences Behaviors that are considered delinquent or criminal only
because the person who engaged in behavior is not yet an
adult
young offenders act YDA Federal legislation that replace JDA from 1984 to 2003
youth criminal justice act
YCJA
Federal legislation enacted in 2002. In effect April 1, 2003
youth criminal justice system “juvenile court” criminologists argue that signifies a shift
toward treating young offenders more like adult offenders
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