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Chapter 6

PSYC 223 Chapter 6: Chapter 6 Summary

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Cognitive Development: Piaget’s Theory and Vygotskys
Sociocultural Viewpoint
Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development
What Is Intelligence?
How We Gain Knowledge: Cognitive Schemes and Cognitive Processes
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development
The Sensorimotor Stage (Birth to 2 Years)
The Preoperational Stage (2 to 7 Years) and the Emergence of Symbolic Thought
Cognitive Development and Children’s Humor
The Concrete-Operational Stage (7 to 11 Years)
The Formal-Operational Stage (11 to 12 Years and Beyond)
Children’s Responses to a Hypothetical Proposition
An Evaluation of Piaget’s Theory
Piaget’s Contributions
Evaluating Piaget Through a Cross-Cultural Lens
Challenges to Piaget
Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Perspective
The Role of Culture in Intellectual Development
The Social Origins of Early Cognitive Competencies and the Zone of Proximal Development
Implications for Education
The Role of Language in Cognitive Development
Vygotsky in Perspective: Summary and Evaluation
Applying Developmental Themes to Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s Theories
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