Textbook Notes (270,000)
CA (160,000)
McGill (5,000)
ANTH (70)
Chapter 4

ANTH 222 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Indirect Rule, Ethnography, Social Order


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 222
Professor
Ronald Niezen
Chapter
4

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
Tuesday January 26th 2016
British Social Anthropology: Order in the Absence of the State
1. Ideas Behind British Social Anthropology
2. British Observations of Societies
3. Social Structure Part 1: Reciprocity
4. Social Structure Part 2: Witchcraft
1. Ideas Behind British Social Anthropology
Through British Social Anthropology we have a better connection to anthropology of law. This
is because it is vey closely linked to the British function of order which looked at social order.
This could be the subject of anthropological analysis with a focal point of anthropological
thinking
The British weren’t into civilized society
They bracketed out the colonial structures that were once apart of the background
They wanted to know how these societies functioned
Durkheim
We don’t known anything about the societies that Durkheim was calling mechanical. Yes there
could have been groups he drew upon, but there were other ideas to build on that the British felt
were more important in the progression of society
Rather than focusing on the historical content they were more anthropologic; looking at the
human behavior and reviewing present information to collect data rather than reviewing
historical content
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Durkheim speculated on previous societies based on historical reference and content, engaging in
what British anthropologists refer to as speculative history, or “if I were a horse” theory; looking
at what it was like to be in the past
The British wished to get rid of this speculated history in order to progress and understand the
present holistic idea of society
The British believed the vast differences of humans by observing these differences
Ethnographic Method
Participant observation became the basis of said method
2. British Observations of Societies
The British had two main pieces to the path of their observation:
1. Rejection of speculative history
2. Ethnographic Method (collection of data)
They believed they needed at least a year of data in order to understand the seasonal components
to the functioning of society, looking at the different components and shifts composed within a
society
Posed many questions across this range of human possibility
How do people interact
How do people
Colonial enterprises of British indirect rule, made it possible for the anthropologists to
visit/inhabit in order to engage in activities of colonial officers who already were present.
However they were not interested in this way countries were being ruled
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

They bracketed out colonial presence as they were not interested in that, but rather the ideas of
what it was that made societies “tick” so to speak
They didn’t want to be bothered by intrusions of colonialism but rather how these countries
governed themselves
Social order was paramount in this
Legal anthropologists had their beginnings in this question of societies bracketed out from
colonial governance
Goal: They wanted to know how countries were able to organize themselves without the use of
the state
Ethnological research: the Haddon expedition 1898
“at each stop he “divided” into native houses ‘ to see what was going on and to look out for
spoil’ and at several places he got the natives to put on a koppa-koppa, or ceremonial dance.
Sketching and photographing the islanders, he cajoled the women into abandoning the
missionary calicoes which, forewarned by a local headman, they had “donned in our honor” to
replace their usual grass skirts
The researchers were looking for an authenticity
They were not interested in the fact that these women would have normally followed the rules of
colonialism, but rather their heritage and cultural traditions
Therefore they bracketed out this colonial rule in order to get a sense of the authentic cultural
experience
Bronislaw Malingowskim
Looked at the islanders and their systems of economy and law
Wished to compare modern society with those of traditional societies in order to see whether or
not social structure could be in order
S.F. Nadel, A Black Byzantium
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version