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RELG 207 Chapter Notes -Gautama Buddha, Jataka Tales, Shakya


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELG 207
Professor
Arvind Sharma

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Buddhism terms
Siddhartha Gautama: Buddha’s earthly name
Sakyamuni: Honorific namemeaning the silence sage of the Sakya clan.
Chakravartin: universal monarch (one of the two destinies provided to him)
Buddha: meaning enlightened one
Bo Tree/Bodhi Tree: he became enlightened here after staying for 6 days, when he
decided to settle, he was approached by the lord of death.
Mara: Lord of Death (when he decided to settle, he was approached by the lord of
death.) He came and tried to tempt the Buddha, the legend goes that Mara offered
his 3 daughters:
o Tanha
o Arati
o Rasi = passion
Mara approached the Buddha while he was attaining enlightenment
Jataka Tales: stories of period when he wanted to attain enlightenment.
Nirvana: state of which one reaches enlightenment…attain insight into reality itself.
The Four Sights: enabled him to see the path of enlightenment was the monk
o Sick man
o Old man
o Dead man
o Sagemonk
o Enabled him to see the path of enlightenment was the monk
Middle Way: you can either fully indulge in the world, or renounce it. He decided
there’s a path in between them, which was a better way. The optimal path for
fulfillment is a path between extremes of indulgence and _________.
The Four Noble Truths (Ariya saccani):
o Dukka: life is suffering (Caused by Tanha)
o Samudaya: suffering is caused by desire
o Nirodha: suffering can be removed by removing its caused
o Magga: yoga
The Three Marks of Existence:
o Anicca: parentseverything within cycle of existence is subject to
change. If we’re in a situation, we may experience joy here that is
going to change.
o Dukkha
o Anatta/Anatmanno subject that endures an experience.
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