Textbook Notes (362,842)
Canada (158,078)
History (134)
HIST 215 (9)

Eugenics and the Holocaust.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
HIST 215
Sarah Waurechen

Eugenics and the Holocaust HITLER'S EUROPE • Ger. policies directed at extracting raw material for war • in every country overrun by them, Ger. find ppl willing to help • also find ppl ready to defy their occupation The Nazi "New European Order" • sought to exploit eco. resources of conquered countries • annexed disputed Pol. terr. it had claimed ◦ all upper class executed • direct Ger. admin in Ukr. and Belarus • repatriation of Germans in Pol., Lith., or SU under Ger. control • Norway and Denmark autonomous because Aryan enough • Hung. under increasingly close Ger. supervision • Yugoslavia divided into Serbia, Montenegro and Croatia states ◦ Muss. gets latter two, Hitler gets Serbia • crushing obligations on conquered lands, financial indemnities, Ger-biased exchange rates The "Final Solution" • "national community" means eliminating groups of outsiders • killing of mentally deficient and handicapped and alcoholics and homosexuals and depressed and schizos • Hitler wants assembly-line killing efficiency developed • 1939 Hitler tells Himmler (head of SS) to prepare for occupation of Pol. and SU • final solution is annihilation of Jewish race in Europe • mass execution of Russian prisoners and civilians so they can take their land • Oct. 1941 preparations for Holocaust ◦ Heydrich and other Nazi officials met in Wannsee to develop more systematic plan for genocide ◦ first in mobile vans using carbon monoxide ◦ then extermination camps ◦ striped uniforms and numbers tattooed • Croatia and Rom. carried out mass murder of Jews themselves • some protected the Jews ◦ Anne Frank ◦ Danes shipping them to Switz. • Italians had little interest in rounding up Italian Jews, looked the other way • Nazi doctors experiment on prisoners for pain thresholds and protective instinct • rumours of mass exterminations reach Br. and US 1942, but little is done ◦ final solution went on until the very end of the war Resistance to the Nazis • cost of resistance ◦ Czech assassinate Heydrich, Nazis destroy village and massacre many • resistance movements more effective where hills and mountains protect from Ger. troops ◦ southern Fr., Gr., Yugo. • Yugoslavia ◦ Communist Broz (AKA Tito) ◦ engages effectively Ger. in combat ◦ fought against the collaborationist Yugo
More Less

Related notes for HIST 215

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.