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Canada (158,336)
MGCR 222 (39)
Chapter 3

MGCR222 Chapter 3 Notes - Emotions and Moods.docx

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McGill University
Management Core
MGCR 222
Patricia Hewlin

MGCR222 Chapter 3 Notes: Emotions and Moods Affect – covers a broad range of feelings people experience, including both emotions and moods Emotions – intense feelings directed at someone or something  Likely to be caused by a specific event, and more fleeting than moods  Tend to be more clearly revealed by facial expressions  Specific and numerous in nature  Action oriented Moods – less intense feelings than emotions and often lack a contextual stimulus  Cause is often general and unclear  Last longer than emotions  More general (two main dimensions: positive and negative affect  composed of multiple specific emotions)  Generally not indicated by distinct expressions  Cognitive in nature Positive affect – mood dimension consisting of positive emotions such as excitement, self-assurance and cheerfulness at the high end and boredom, sluggishness, and tiredness at the low end Negative affect – mood dimension consisting of nervousness, stress, and anxiety at the high end and relaxation, tranquility, and poise at the low end Positivity offset – at zero input (when nothing is going on), most individuals experience a mildly positive mood Sources of Emotions and Moods  Personality – most people have built-in tendencies to experience certain moods and emotions more frequently than others; affect intensity – how strongly you experience your emotions  Day/time – people tend to be in worst moods early in the weeks, and best moods late in the week. Levels of positive affect tend to peak at around the halfway point between waking and sleeping. Negative affect has little fluctuation  Weather – little effect on mood; illusory correlation – people tend to think nice weather improves their mood. Occurs when people associate two events that in reality have no connection  Stress – takes a toll on our moods  Social activities – social activities increase positive mood and have little effect on negative mood. Activities that are physical are more strongly associated with increases in positive mood than formal or sedentary events  Sleep – poor or reduced sleep impairs decision making and makes it difficult to control emotions  Exercise – enhances people’s positive mood  Age – negative emotions seem to occur less as people get older. Emotional experience improves with age; as we get older, we experience fewer negative emotions  Gender – women are more emotionally expressive than men, experience emotions more intensely, “hold onto”
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