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MGCR 222 (39)

2 - Personality and Learning

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Management Core
MGCR 222
Yongheng Yao

2/27/2013 1:44:00 PM Person-Situation Debate Dispositional approach People have different genes They are pre-disposed to react in a certain way (they are born this way) Personality predicts behavior Situational approach Your environment influences the way you behave Interactionist approach Both environment and disposition determines the way you behave, B = f (P, E) Strong and weak situation Strong situation: roles/rules are clearly defined (army). Personality has less influence Weak situation: roles/rules are not clearly defined. Situation will be defined by personality. Personality is a stable set of characteristics that influences the way individuals interact to the environment. Personality will have the most impact in which situation? Weak situations with loosely defined roles and rules. Personality Theories: Locus of control The “Big Five” personality dimensions Locus of control A set of beliefs about whether one’s behavior is controlled mainly by internal or external factors. Internals: behavior determined by internal: you believe that you have control over behavior (because of self-initiative, personal actions, free will) Externals: you don’t have control over behavior (because of fate, luck or powerful people) The impact of Locus of control Prediction is that internals are most likely satisfied, such as with job and pay. 5-Factor Model of Personality Openness to Experience Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism (Emotional Stability) “The Big 5” and Work Outcomes - Performance - Career Success - Stress - Strength can turn into weakness - Counterproductive behaviors The HR manager was heard to have said, “When in doubt hire -> conscientious
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