Richard Taylor

40 views1 pages
22 Apr 2012
“What Am I?” most important/hardest question to answer
o All morals, religion, metaphysics and law turn upon it.
Knows he exists, may also have only the vaguest conception or even a totally
erroneous one of the relationship between self and body. No more doubt the
reality of the one than the other.
Connection between self and body
o Having a body might consist simply in the identity of myself with the
body or my being of a body. Or, it might amount to possession, such
that having a body consists essentially in this body’s being among the
various other things that I own or possess it being at the same time in
some way unique among these.
o There may be some special as a person, perhaps highly metaphysical
relationship between the two, such as that I as a person am one thing,
my body another quite different thing, the two being somehow
connected to each other in a special way, appropriately expressed by
the assertion that the one has the other.
o If my having a body consists simply in the identity of myself with my
body, then it follows that I am this body and nothing more.
o Identity: materialist must mean a strict and total identity of himself
and his body, nothing less. X and Y example.
o Reality just is the world that we see, hear, smell, touch, and taste, as
well as the more imperceptible components (e.g., molecules, atoms,
and the sub-atomic) of which modern science informs us.
o Minds, mental events, mental predicates, etc are really just
properties of bodies and especially of minds. Minds would not
survive bodily death.
o Four bastions against a materialist explanation: life itself, reasoning,
purposive behavior, consciousness itself.
o an ontological position, that is, it answers the
question "What is there?" - materialism answers
"matter, i.e. physical objects".
Platonic Dualism
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 1 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.