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Textbook Notes for Adam Etinson

MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Chapter Notes -Political Philosophy, Rational Choice Theory, Rationality

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27 Sep 2011
32
Believes human beings must live in a state of nature, or else they stop being human beings. Influence by english civil war > saw country digressing int
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Who Should Rule? - Plato

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27 Sep 2011
35
For the people: ruling in the people"s interests. By the people: rulings decided by the general populace. Contentions with democracy: tyranny of the ma
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Justifying the State - Utilitarianism & Fairness

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27 Sep 2011
33
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Justifying the State - Civil Disobedience

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27 Sep 2011
34
Contrary to the idea that there is a moral duty to obey all the laws of the land. Contrasted to revolutionarism, which seeks grand immediate changes, a
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Place of Liberty - Objections to Liberalism

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6 Oct 2011
25
Max sees political emancipation as providing equal rights by law. This was seen in the us, even in the mid 1800s. However, political emancipation doesn
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Chapter Notes -Atheism

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4 Oct 2011
27
Liberty principle (harm principle): one may justifiably limit a person"s freedom of action only if they threaten harm to another. Condition: applicable
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Chapter Notes -Thomas Hobbes

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27 Sep 2011
32
Believed also that self-preservation was the ultimate goal of mankind, but also believed that humans were capable of benevolence. Does not doubt that a
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Justifying the State - Social Contract

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27 Sep 2011
31
Two essential features: maintains monopoly of legitimate violence, protection of all citizens within its territories. One can imagine that life would b
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Who Should Rule? - Rousseau and the General Will

OC142072 Page
27 Sep 2011
28
Will of all: the personal interests of a group of persons. General will: general interest of the collective group. Believes that legislative power belo
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MCGILLPHIL 240Adam EtinsonFall

PHIL 240 Who Should Rule? - General Issues

OC142072 Page
29 Sep 2011
32
Criticism: groups are better at deliberation, but individuals are better at action. Participatory dem just means all citizens are consulted; there can
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