East European Constitutional Review
-”Resentment” of law by the Russians, overstated.
-Demand for law emerged from an unlikely group: the pensioners.
-The problem is not the demand for law, but the courts and other state institutions that
do not facilitate justice in Russia, and so discourage the citizens from trying.
-Cutbacks in pensioners’ benefits in the 1990s. “upgrading coefficients” by government,
although didn’t really work.
1993 Compensation on top of the pension. The system was a political issue (often to
serve the elections.)
Pensioners’ anger grew--> Law 113 “Individual Pensioner Coefficient” 1998. (ratio be-
tween the individual pensioners’ final wages and national average wage) x a factor rep-
resenting length of service and the national average wage= the pension amount. (To re-
instate between the pension and previous earnings.)