Institutional Analysis and Performance Evaluation
Political Policy Analysis-
▯ Ostrom deﬁnes policy analysis as the way in which political scientists and
legislators would explain the political and social consequences of a certain piece of
legislation. He initially introduces two different modes of analysis for political policies.
The ﬁrst is a “means-ends analysis” where in order to determine the affects of a piece of
legislation one must take into consideration the end or the goal of that piece of
legislation. The end will help the analyzer determine the correct process for the program
to become a policy. The example from the text is with a pure water campaign put in
place with the obvious goal of clean water. Ostrom says that in order to analyze the
success of this legislation one must look at the affects of the goal and the means by
which to achieve it. Ostrom later suggests that there are problems with this mode
because the analyzer must assume the end or the goal of the program without real
knowledge if there is one in existence.
▯ The second mode of analysis Ostrom presents is the “top-down” approach which
also starts with the legislative goal and uses implementation to complete that goal.
Implementation is a success when the goal has been accomplished. Another problem
arises here when the analyzer must assume that the legislature is not corrupt and that it
is in all ways legitimate. At the conclusion of this section Ostrom makes not that policies
are never more than a set of instructions for production of legislation.
Operational Analysis: Service Delivery Systems-
▯ The focus of this analytical mode is the effects that are yielded by services and
the enterprises that control them. The FBI is the example Ostrom uses to identify this
type of anal