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POLI 211 McKean - State Strength and Public Interest Summary Notes

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 211
Fillippo Sabetti

State Strength and Public InterestMargaret A McKean 1993Theses1Japan does not have a strong state nor a dominant bureaucracy but rather is pluralistic or social corporatist2Japanese processes appear to produce outcomes that serve public rather than private interestsDispelling Japan as a Strong StateProblems with the Supportersstatists often confuse what state really means problematic as two different statists can derive different conclusions from examining the exact same processothers only assume state strength without going through a casebycase comparisonothers confuse the arena with the battleContrary Evidencepluralization of participation pluralist interest group politics is replacing bureaucratic dominance as bureaucrats lose power to politicians centre moving from bureaucracy to the LDPlocal governments not dependent on central rather localities have used their demands as bargaining chip to extract more funds This tactic is never punished bureaucrats are obedient agents of the LDProgue and reformoriented judges are not promotedcrit only a sideways shift in powers of state bureaucracyLDPcounter when LDP intervenes in legislationpolicy it does so to convey private interests therefore the LDPs own strength is dependent on the interests of societal actors ex moderate Labour leaders increasingly been consulted in wage negotiations since 1960sState Followership Rather Than State Leadership government follows and business leadsbureaucracy and LDP giving way to demands from wellorganized trade associationsLDP easily persuaded to design policies suited to interest groups due to political motivationsMETI policies transformed by business and in other times its policy is simply to delegate power to industrial associations
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