Poli 212 Reading notes
Roots of democracy in Europe: Mazower reading
o Democracy is not natural for Europe
o It took a war to get it installed
o We like to think that Europe was a continent led astray by dictators rather than
on who abandon democracy.
o They opted for political order that were familiar to the European culture and
o Democracy was a struggle
o Because of the political and economical turmoil, democracy was put on trial.
o There was a polarization: the anti-communist, the democrats and the liberal elite
that supported fascism
o Political order: link to the old regime, dominance of a ruling class and power of
the church. Elite control.
o Different regimes emerge: communist, fascism, national socialist (anti-religious +
explicitly nationalist), Christian authoritarianism (against communist).
o The Russian revolution shaped political choices in other country. It seemed that
Russian would be the first democratic success but it failed liber