Poli 212 Reading Notes
o Difference among liberal democracy
o Liberal democracy= full civil liberties, free press, etc.
o All liberal democracies are elected
o 22 cases that are all liberal democracies but there are differences among
o Example: France 4 and 5 Republic= different regime
o Difference: Majoritarian VS consensus
Majoritarian= Concentration as much power in the hands of the majority.
Consensus= the principle is to share as much power as possible.
o 2 Dimension to analyze the cases
1) Institutional profile (power executed concentrated, party system….)
-Concentrated power in the - Executive= legislative balance
executive -Multiparty system
-2 party system -Proportional representation
-One dimension -Multi-dimensional (The issues are
-Plurality= 1 past the post not just left and right but also
religious, cultural, etc.)
o Lijphart is interested in the durability of the cabinet. He explains that does
who are more durable tend to have a less powerful legislature.
2) Territorial profile (divided, unitary, centralized, ….)
- Unitary and centralized - Federal + decentralized
- Unicameralism (no equal - Bicameralism (share equal