Textbook Notes (363,062)
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POLI 221 (76)

Peter Russell - Prime Ministerial vs Parliamentary

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 221
Rick Schultz

Prime Ministerial Vs Parliamentary GovernmentParliamentary systems place direction of executive side in the hands of the leaders who have a majority support in the legislature Prime Ministerial GovernmentTransition to PMinisterial government is marked by the phrase primus inter paresfirst among equals PM is the sun kng around whom all revolves and to whom all must pay homageWW1 was the turning point in the move toward concentrating power at the centre o Focus up activity and decision during the war shifted from Parliament to Cabinetand it would never shift backo After the war the Clerk of the Privy Council became top civil servant and the PCO became the hub of governmento Department of Finance and the Treasury Board emerged as powerful agenciesReduced the autonomy of line departments and their ministers o PMOcentral agencyentirely political office Staffed by shortterm political appointees handpicked by the Prime Ministerpolitical advisors to the PM and organizers dedicated to making the PMs reign a political successHead of PMO is PMs chief of staff or principal secretary second most powerful person in OttawaEmergence of a central agency is linked back to Trudeau o Cabinet government suffers when the influence of cabinet minister is subject to direction by political staffers from the PMO o Cabinet ministers come from Parliament and make government responsible to parliamento Media plays a key role in PMs successEmulate large corporations in trying to market themselves and their governments productsGive political product a positive spin and to stay on messageo Push back by parliamentary reformers o HoC is the first last and only authoritative voice of the Canadian people o Bills can be sent to standing committees after first reading so that their basic purpose can be considered with govt permission o Have produced a presidential style of government PMs have begun adopting a style of leadership that seeks popular approval directly from the people instead of MPsElection campaigns are increasingly treated like presidential campaigns
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