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POLI 222 (24)

ER 1- The Confederation Debates in the Province of Canada (John A. Macdonald and George-Etienne Cartier)

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Political Science
POLI 222
Christa Scholtz

ER 1: The Confederation Debates in the Province of Canada (John A. Macdonald and George-Etienne Cartier) Legislative Assembly: Monday, February 6, 1865 • unite Colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, PEI under one government ◦ British North American Provinces • needed almost universal approval • without a solution, we would suffer succession of weak gov'ts ◦ weak in numerical support, weak in force, weak in power of doing good • grave apprehension that existed of a state of anarchy destroying our credit, prosperity and progress • confederation will relieve the country from the dead lock and impending anarchy threat • the gentlemen who composed the gov't had been engaged in pol. hostility for many years ◦ lay it all aside b/c it was their duty • Federal Union under the Crown of Great Britain (GB) • scheme of gov't ◦ strength of legislative union, AND ◦ sectional freedom of a federal union • head of executive power is GB sovereign • continue responsible gov't system we've had here • US ◦ president ▪ a despot in office ▪ one-man power with command of naval + mil. force ◦ state rights ▪ each state is a sovereignty in itself, except for powers granted by Constitution to fed. gov't • Canada ◦ governor general to represent sovereign ▪ acts on advice of his minsters, who are responsibl
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