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POLI 227 Clapham - The Colonial State and its Demise.docx

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Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

POLI 227 January 24, 2013 Clapham, “The Colonial State and its Demise” Importance of Euro colonialism: means by which global poli and econ order were created  West emerged dominant The structure and timeline of colonial efforts are greatly varied  Ultimate basis of colonialism was technological (ocean-going ship)  Ultimate goal of colonialism was econ 3 main forms of colonialism: 1. Americas – rich and easy to control  Thoroughness + brutality of colonization = destruction of indigenous societies… those who survived remain subordinate to this day  Most intense imposition of Euro-style econ facilitated this destruction  Independence = transfer of pwr from indigenous ppl to white settlers  More temperate zones were originally slower to dvlp b/c primarily settler colonies and less wealthy, though they are now much more dvlped than tropical zones  Effects of colonialism in transporting disparate groups of ppl to distant parts of the world (mostly slavery) and poli consequences of this most evident in West Indies LATIN AMERICA MOST SHARPLY DISTINGUISHABLE AREA IN 3 RDWORLD  Principal diff: much earlier achievement of nat’l independence  Virtual absence of any ‘traditional’ or indigenous society today – poli consequences, esp high level of military intervention  Elite almost entirely of Euro origin (‘class politics’ due to elites’ control of land and state) 2. Asia – rich but difficult to control  Strong indigenous societies th  Much later colonial efforts (interior: 19 century)  Colonization involved taking over entire poli entities and preserving them, to some degree (preservation of poli ID)  A number of states, while under heavy Euro influence, remained independent MIDDLE EAST: effects of colonial rule mitigated by a great degree of internal self-gov’t and by a strong sense of regional ID (Pan-Arabism and Islam)  Arab nat’lism cuts across Euro boundaries and con’ts challenging the post-colonial state as a framework for poli activity 3. Africa – poor and so scarcely worth controlling  Little evident wealth, very difficult to penetrate  Colonial efforts very late (late 19 century – ‘new imperialism’, ‘Scramble for Africa’)  Hardly any permanent Euro
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