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POLI 227 (49)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3: Religion and Politics

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex J Brynen

Chapter 3 Religion and Politics Trend of the modernizing states moving away from religion Early modernization theorists viewed organized religion as an impediment to political and economic development Since the 1970s the third world has seen a religious resurgence The Meeting of Church and State Theocratic StateIran Shia ClergyTaliban in Afghanistan rdGreat Religions of the 3 World Catholicism The only major religion to penetrate the industrial and the third world Hinduism dominant in India and Nepal Buddhism East and Southeast Asia Islam Asia Middle East Africa None of the third world religions are monolithic Sunni Muslims are much more dominate than Shiite MuslimsReligion Modernity and Secularization Religion at one point was thought to inhibit modernity but now it is said that it may inhibit but also encourage in some respects The argument that political modernization requires secularization 1 Empirical as western societies modernized their political system became more secularized 2 Normative secularization is
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