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POLI 227 (58)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6: Agrarian Reform and the Politics of Rural Change

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Political Science
POLI 227
Rex J Brynen

Chapter 6 Agrarian Reform and the Politics of Rural Change Modernization theory states that as countries develop modern values and institutions will spread from the cities to the countryside and the gap between the two will narrow Dependency theorists maintain that the links between urban and rural areas replicate the exploitative international relationship between the industrialized core and the periphery Rural Class Structures In the countryside there are substantial disparities in land ownershipproduces rigid class systems Peasants family farmers who work small plots and maintain a traditional lifestyle Hierarchical StructurePowerful landownersmidsized landownerslandowning peasantstenants Peasant Politics Cultural values stressing caution and conservatism Peasant political culture is described as fatalistic and isolated The peasant feels at the mercy of the government Peasants are neither inherently conservative nor intrinsically radical When their moral economy is disregarded peasants begin to
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