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POLI 227 (58)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2: Democratic Change and the Change to Democracy

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Political Science
POLI 227
Rex J Brynen

Chapter 2 Democratic Change and the Change to Democracy Democratic transitions often grow out of extended negotiations between ongoing authoritarian government and opposition leaders The consolidation of democracy reduces military rule Democracy Defined Bare bones definition a political system that holds fair contested elections on a regular basis with universal adult suffrage semidemocracies Liberal democracy a political system that conforms to the following conditions 1 Most of the countrys leading government officials are elected 2 There is universal suffrage 3 Elections are largely free of fraud 4 Opposition party candidates have a realistic chance of being elected 5 Civil Liberties are respected Substantive democracy real democracy requires not only fair elections and proper government procedures but also fair and just government policy outcomes Procedural democracy also does not guarantee a just societyDemocratic Transition and Consolidation The transition period begins when an authoritarian government shows the first observable signs of collapsing Only when democratic institutions practices and values have become dee
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