Conference Notes #5 Tiger Zheng
Civilization and its Discontents
Equivocates civilization with an individual person.
o Significant in that he then juxtaposes the mental problems of the
individual (which he derived from both empirical and meta-
psychological evidence from his person psychology experiment).
o He believes that the problems of civilization are similar to that of the
development of the individual – both can have neurosis etc.
o Both people and civilization want to be happy – however, the interests
of the two contrast greatly with one another.
People are discontent for three key reasons
o Realizations of our own bodies and mortality (escapism via
o External world (escapism via greater virtues such as knowledge,
though Freud believes this is not as pleasurable as the immediate
o Social relations with other people (lessened by p