Ch. 15: The Reciprocity Election of 1911
Mixed trends in tariffs
US seemed ready to liberalize trade?
Canada was redefining its British links
Tariffs became even higher after 1890, targeted more goods
Laurier leaned towards creating economic ties with the US……. Which would
break historical ties with Britain
Negotiations between US and Canada became successful on Jan 26, 1911
“laurier and larger markets”
central Canadian farmers, switching to dairy, realized selling milk domestically
was more profitable than selling butter or cheese internationally. Exports
declined. (sector divisions)
it was asked if opening up to the US market meant also being subjected to US
monopolies and trusts.
Clifford Sifton opposed reciprocity
Western millers, meat-packers and other sectors favored protectionism
Henry Bourassa mobilized the Québec nationalists against the Liberals.
o Wanted to prevent stronger ties with Britain and protect small, labor