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POLI 243 (69)
Chapter 2

Political Science Chapter 2 Summary.docx

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 243
Mark Brawley

Chapter 2 The Levels of AnalysisSystem Level Arguments SystemLevel Theories and the Concept of PowerSystemlevel theories concentrate on characteristics of the international system and most often the systems structure to explain state behaviour how system moulds behaviourStructural realism use distribution of power to explain state behaviour different distributions of power among sovereign states in an anarchic environment drive them to act differently Power is 1 Power over others 2 Power over resources 3 Power over events and outcomes According to Ronald Dahl power is control over actors appearing in ways of 1 Control over actionsgetting actor to do something they otherwise wouldnt do 2 Control over agendacontrol over which issues are debated and when 3 Control over preferencesability influence what other actors desire Can only recognize power after it has been used and power is relativeComparing military units has been misleading and numbers dont tell the whole story so finding out who is more powerful beforehand is trickier than finding out after the factPower formula by Ray Cline was said to be population and territory plus economic capabilities plus military power all multiplied by countrys strategy and will to use powerintangibles in this eqn are hard to measure in real life Power and StructureStructural realists look at distribution of power to see how states will behaveUnipolar distribution of power one single major power hegemonicdominated by 1 actorBipolar distribution of power two poles or strong states or 2 strong alliances like Allies vs Triple EntenteTripolar where 3 states hold power over other membersMultipolarity anything more than tripolarity characterized as many polesWaltz argued that bipolarity was the most stable as they will always be in competition with one another and there will always being a ba
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