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POLI 325D2 (12)
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LOWERIE 325D2 READING GROUP.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 325D2
Professor
Harold Waller

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Representing Interests­ An argument. Lowerie What we argue about?    There are several types of organizations:  ­ voluntary organizations (have members)  ­ association (enrol institutions as members)  ­ social movements (ignoring institutions) ­ pressure group ­ Lobbyists ­ PACs What are the interest organizations?  3 conditions  ­ They must be organized (but not all organizations are interest organizations)  ­ Meaning of interest as an active intersection of an organization’s preferences with a public policy ­ To distinguish interest organizations form other major institution of democratic politics mediating  the preferences of citizens and actions of government­political parties Even with this definition, it is still very difficult to identify the population of interest organizations  operating in American politics. All 50 states  require interest organizations to register with their legislatures. While registrations  requirements vary somewhat across states, all are more restrictive than the federal lobby disclosure act,  capturing a broader range of interest organizations.  The players and their evidence There is a little change since Madison.  There are two narrow questions: Will a particular reform successfully reduce the influence of organized interest?  If so, are the costs acceptable in term of new limits impose on free speech?  ­ a vigorous system of organized interests inevitably poses a threat to democratic self­rule. Interests group are present in everyday life : political cartoons.  This is why politicians and journalists have a negative view of IG, because of the consequences on the  public opinion.  Social scientists highlight the fact that there are a number of consistent themes about how interest  organizations are fragmented and incomplete. Many of the complaints about academic research on the  politics of interest representation are better understood as recognition of the broad range of potential  questions about interest organizations politi
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