Textbook Notes (368,728)
Canada (162,113)
POLI 338 (20)
Juan Wang (20)
Chapter

POLI 338 - Buszynski: South China Sea

3 Pages
59 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 338
Professor
Juan Wang
Semester
Winter

Description
Buzsynski – South China Sea: Oil, Maritime Claims, and U.S.--China Strategic Rivalry − disputes arose after WWI, when neighbouring states scrambled to occupy islands there (China, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines) − access to oil, gas, fish, and other ocean resources complicated claims − even this could be managed − however, now South China Sea has become focal point of U.S.--China rivalry Territorial Origins − China and Vietnam claim entire area of South China Sea and islands within − Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, and Brunei laid claims to contiguous areas − both 'effective occupation' legal precedent and UN Convention on the Law of the Sea work against Chinese claims − China's claims are based on history; do not carry weight in international law, which degrades China's ancestral heritage and is a source of resentment − have attempted to argue that its claims predate UNCLOS (came into effect in 1994), or to ask for special exception to it Oil, Energy, and Fisheries − existence of energy reserves prevents status quo/stalemate as solution − China seeks diversification of oil supply away from Middle East − clashes with both Vietnam and Philippines − Vietnam has sought counterbalance in India − some clashes from other ASEAN members also Great Power Contest − South China Sea becoming integrated into field of China's strategic rivalry with U.S., as China develops naval strategy and naval capabilities − if issue was simply resources, agreement to specify interaction and dispute management might have been possible − however, strategic rivalry with the U.S. reduces role of ASEAN and its ability to negotiate a resolution with China − “imparts a particular assertiveness to Chinese behavior as greater control over the South China Sea is a necessary accompaniment to its extended naval strategy and deployments” Chinese Naval Expansion − three missions: − prevent Taiwan from declaring independence − deter US with naval deployments in event of conflict − became particularly salient after U.S. deployed two aircraft carriers during Taiwan crisis of 1995-96 − protect China's trade routes and energy supply lines through Indian Ocean and Strait of Malacca − deploy sea-based second-strike nuclear capability in Western Pacific − another result of Taiwan crisis of 95-96” “Carries and [ballistic missile-carrying submarines] require access to the open seas to fulfill their mission; without it, they can be confined to a limited area and rendered virtually useless.” − to secure access to open se
More Less

Related notes for POLI 338

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit