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POLI 341 (39)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14 - Turkey

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 341
Imad Mansour

POLI 341FPMES Chapter 14 TURKEYTurkeys FP was relatively neglected prior to the end of the Cold War CWoTurkish elite were responsible for thisoTurkeys foreign relations were reduced to old subjects such as Cyprus relations with Greece and the prospects for Turkeys admission to the European CommunitySince the end of the CW geostrategists have revalued Turkey as a strong state located amidst a collection of shaky or conflictridden subregions and so Turkeys FP has changed as well FP DeterminantsTurkey and the International SystemTurkey has been regularly subject to the attentions of great powers and the systemic forces that have been generated by their dynamic interactionoWhy Due to its geostrategic location and its growing power as a state For most of the first 75 years of Turkeys existence as an independent state Ankara has proved rather adept at fending off greatpower pressures to act in a clientelist fashion Turkish nationalists refused to accept the postWW1 settlement oSmall group of Turkish nationalists led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk suppressed this historical alternativeand Turkey succeeded in rebuffing the newly emerging international system and in fashioning its own destinyPeriods when Turkish FP was constrained by systemic factors during the struggle for independence o1 When it had to compromise with the great powers at the time in order to consolidate the gains of the war of independence The 1923 Treaty of Lausanne created a settlement in which it formally overturned Sevres and acknowledged Turkeys sovereigntyo2 Birth of the new bipolar world orderTurkey was faced with an expansionist Soviet Union SU which conveted both territory in northeastern Anatolia and control of the Bosporus and Dardanelles StraitsSought security in the emerging Western alliance which it eventually received once it had displayed its commitment to the USled fight against world communism through participation in the Korean War Turkey became a full member of NATO in the first NATO enlargement which also included Greece in 1952 Turkey remained locked into a subordinate position in NATO within the broader context of superpower bipolarity until 1964 Same yeardebates over Cyprus Ankara outraged at the political changes implemented by the Greekdominated
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