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POLI 341 (39)
Chapter

Suspended Equilbirum in Iran's Political System - Kamraya Hassan - Yari

5 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 341
Professor
Imad Mansour

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Suspended Equilibrium in Irans Political System by Kamrava Hassan Yari y Two sets of power relations1 official institutional relationships outlined in the constitution 2 unofficial informal ones existing between and within groups and clusters of powerful individuals and institutionsy This had resulted in balance between hardliners and softliners for greater influence and adoption of their agenda as official state policyy This had led to a emergence of multiple centers of power have enhanced the extent and reach of the state in relation to various social stratagive its durability and staying powery b existence of multiple official and unofficial venues for competition has sharpened the tenor and substance of factional rivalries y Third Republic of Iran formed upon the election of Muhammad Khatami on May 23 1997the legacy of this republic is its lack of cohesion and an unprecedented degree of internal competition among its chief actors and institutions they controlled y Irans postrevolutionary state has become institutionally Balkanizedy A suspended equilibrium of sorts has emerged within the Iranian state whereby the different institutions of the state have gone under the control of competing individuals who in turn have their own contradictory ideological agenday The more leftist state based groups advocate greater liberalization of the political process and a less restrictive atmosphere for the emergence of a civil societylast 2 presidential elections in 19972001 public sided with the left y Given that a middle ground between the Right and the Left is increasingly unlikely the Iranian political system appears to be headed for either extremes of increased repression or greater political liberalizationy The article analyze the institutional and ideological features of Irans Third Republic and the corresponding groups and or individuals whose alliances and competitions have come to characterize the current state of Iranian politicsy Emergence of a suspended equilibrium is the result of the Iranian revolutions dissonant institutionalization but to the authors its been highly penetrative of the various strata of societyy The Iranian state has engaged in parallel or dual institutionalization with the establishment and or empowerment of two or more institutions that perform identical or related functions and therefore watch over each other y Suspended equilibrium is a temporary phenomenon that often develops at a particular transitional stage in the life of a political system y States cannot completely insulate themselves from society their autonomy is curtailed to an extent bc of engagement with social forcesy Suspended equilibrium brings the state to the brink of disequilibrium or institutionally as close to it as possibley States forge ties with societal groups through ruling and these ties assume crucial importance when state looses its institutional cohesiony The Islamic Republican state has actually institutionalized a regular process of interaction with society parliamentary and presidential elections have become an integral part of the Iranian political landscape
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