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POLI 422 (21)
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POLI 422 - White: The Politics of Agrarian Reform

7 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 422
Juan Wang

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WhiteThe Politics of Agrarian ReformIn 1978 76 of the labour force worked in the countryside mostly in agriculture Success in reforming agriculture was essential for success in reforms as a wholeAgriculture experienced the most social and institutional change from the reform period What were the political factors which prompted policymakers to move away from collectivization What was the political process surrounding the introduction of reforms and what have been their impact What is the interplay of the political forces like both at the macro and micro levelsA Framework for Analyzing the Politics of Agricultural PolicyMacro national micro village and meso intermediary levels of analysisMacroPolitical Environment of Agricultural PolicyThree major components1Major policymakers at the top of the CCP2Institutional nexus of the Partystate3Pattern of social groups and interests1 Common objectives underlie policy differences between conservative and reformist factions They all recognize role of agriculture in economy as a guarantee of food security as a source for inputs for industry and foreign exchange and as an guarantee of social stability Reformers have been eager to press ahead with privatization reforms and to reduce state controls over production and marketing Favour product diversification More willing to allow regional inequalities and to solve problems via interprovince trade Conservatives have been concerned about undermining socialist institutions and some even sought return to collectivization Favour grain production as priority Worried about division of labour and foreign trade 2 As one of the six main xitong not according to Lieberthal it isnt the Party forms the core of agricultural institutions Disagreements between various levels of the agricultural section of the CCP may occur In addition state institutions coexist with the party vertical both in a coordinating role in the Centre or those with more specialized functions that implement policies Certain institutions are also more directly related to agriculture than others There are also intellectual institutions that generate information conduct research and offer advice to officials In general the influence of these institutions increased as proximity to official power increases although this also makes them more
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