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Government of Canada – Sept 19th - Conference
Poli 221 – Government of Canada
TA: Chris Chhim
Office hours: Wednesday 230:330pm Leacock 432.
BNA Act, 1867
Constiution Act, 1982
o Section 91 &92 – division of powers between levels of
o Section 92: Power to make policy or laws over healthcare or
education are enumerated.
o Section 33: Notwithstanding clause
Bill 101 referred to Supreme Court because it was
Loophole – any province can go against judgement of
the Supreme Court for three years.
Cannot be used if it goes against certain sections of the
o Residual powers (what’s left over, federal government is
allowed to do so)
o Passed by federal parliament, semi constitutional status, no
authority behind them.
o Ex. Supreme Court Act (1949), Official Languages Act , Clarity
o Conventions: Unwritten rules for a political conduct based on
tradition, custom, precedent.
Role of the PM, “responsible government” – PM
accountable to the other MP’s. Subject to certain things
– if loses confidence of HOC, expected he will step aside.
Queen as a monarch. Section 9: role of the queen.
Judicial Decisions: decisions courts make base don interpretations of the
Ex. Reference cases
Federal – provincial relations
Between branches – legislative, judicial, executive
Government and the people/ state and society.