ER 1- The Confederation Debates in the Province of Canada (John A. Macdonald and George-Etienne Cartier)

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
McGill University
Political Science
POLI 222
ER 1: The Confederation Debates in the Province of Canada (John A.
Macdonald and George-Etienne Cartier)
Legislative Assembly: Monday, February 6, 1865
unite Colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, PEI
under one government
British North American Provinces
needed almost universal approval
without a solution, we would suffer succession of weak gov'ts
weak in numerical support, weak in force, weak in power of doing good
grave apprehension that existed of a state of anarchy destroying our credit,
prosperity and progress
confederation will relieve the country from the dead lock and impending
anarchy threat
the gentlemen who composed the gov't had been engaged in pol. hostility for
many years
lay it all aside b/c it was their duty
Federal Union under the Crown of Great Britain (GB)
scheme of gov't
strength of legislative union, AND
sectional freedom of a federal union
head of executive power is GB sovereign
continue responsible gov't system we've had here
a despot in office
one-man power with command of naval + mil. force
state rights
each state is a sovereignty in itself, except for powers granted by
Constitution to fed. gov't
governor general to represent sovereign
acts on advice of his minsters, who are responsible to the ppl
through Parl.
general legislature has been given all the great subjects of legislation
all things not specified fall to federal leg.
avoids all conflict of jurisdiction and authority
Legislative Assembly: Tuesday, February 7, 1865
Cartier opposed to the principle of representation by population while Upper
and Lower CA were under 1 gov't
rep. by pop. would have meant 1 terr. governing over another, leading to
provincial warfare
rep. by pop. with other partners, rather just 2, considered
if 3 parties, the stronger not have the same advantage
either we must obtain BNA Confederation or be absorbed into American
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