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POLI 244 Chapter Notes -Pacifism

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 244
Stephen Saideman

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Kant's Theory
Liberal Internationalism
Cannot study the systemic relations of states or the varieties of state behaviours in isolation
from each other
Three Definitive Articles of Peace
1. Constitution must be republican
Combined moral autonomy, individualism, and social order
Representative government with a separation of powers
2. Pacific federation
Establish peace within a federation of states
Maintain the rights of each states
3. Cosmopolitan law
1. "The right for a foreigner not to be treated with hostility when he arrives on
someone else's territory"
Peace is an ethical duty
All men shall treat each other as ends, not means to an end
Machiavelli's Theory
Liberal Imperialism
Republics are not pacifistic
Not a democracy either
To survive, a state must expand
We refuse to be oppressed
Schumpeter's Theory
Liberal Pacifism
The interaction of capitalism and democracy
Forces for peace
People's action are immersed in production
No time for fighting
People want equality
(Democracies tend not to fight each other)
War to democratic capitalists
High costs
Not always necessary
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