Gestalt theory: gestalt = configuration, gestalt consciousness = not one event after another but organized into coherent whole, gestalt switch = sudden change in way information organized, eg. Kohler mentality of apes: insight: ability understand how parts situation related to one another. 1) try reach fruit outside his cage with short stick inside his cage = no success. 2) spot long stick just out reach outside cage. 3) insight = realize can use short stick to reach long stick to reach fruit = put all parts situation together. Need to use insight to look at current situation not blindly apply previous learning: structured thinking= tendency reproduce thinking appropriate for other situation, but not current one o. Is number 1,000,000,000,008 divisible by 9 structured thinking : divide 1st 2 digits by 9 notice remainder = 1 therefore (;. ) last digit will be 8+ remainder 1. Divisible by 9 insight thinking : its made up of 2 numbers.