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PSYC 215 (296)
John Lydon (79)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10 complete notes

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PSYC 215
John Lydon

Chapter 10Relationships and Attraction Characterizing Relationships A lot of the studies made now a days reveal a lot of correlation but not cause and effectThe importance of relationships we have a need to embedded in healthy relationships o Arguments for the need to belong from an evolutionary point of view relationships help individuals and offspring survive Romantic bonds facilitate reproduction Parentoffspring relationships help infants stay protected Friendship helps cooperative work and avoids competition and aggression Some traits are universal like caregiving momchild siblings wrestling flirting affection on romantic partners etc If its a need it has to be satiable We constantly look for our needs to be met o Evidence for the need to belong When it is not met people suffer Study with monkeys and surrogate mothers proves this as monkeys preferred comfort over food Animals also need contact with others to show them how to act Relationships and the sense of self relational self how we see ourselves derived from our relationship with others People who look like significant others trigger the behavior we would have with the actual person list down 14 descriptions of a positive or negative so then presented with someone who had some of those traits and it triggered the behavior they said they had with that personDifferent ways of relating to otherso Communal and Exchange relationships Communal relationships responsibility for one another give and receive Normally long term and family likeExchange relationships little responsibility toward one another concerns about equity and reciprocityReward and social exchange theories of interpersonal relationships most relationships are based in positive rewards even the closest ones Social exchange theory relationships have costs and rewards this determine how people feel in a relationship Equity theory people pursue fairness and equityo Attachment styles the attachment theory is about how early attachments with our parents shape our relationships for the rest of our lives Vulnerability of offspring makes them have a huge attachment to their caregiver Children develop working models that determine their relationships based on their parents availability and responsiveness This give styles of attachments Classifying attachment styles peoples response to anxiety and avoidance determine which type to attachment the person hasSecure attachment security comfortable closenessAnxious preoccupied dependency or clinginess value and seek intimacy but dont have a positive view of themselvesDismissiveavoidant independence and selfreliance less intimacy and deny importance of close relationships
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