PSYC 215 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Ingratiation, Roy Baumeister, Oliver Sacks

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Chapter 3 - the social self (pages 55-95) The abcs of the self: a=affect, b=behaviour, c=cognition. 1 self-concept - how ppl come to understand their own actions, emotions and motivation. 2 self-esteem (the active component) how ppl evaluate themselves and defend against threats to their self-esteem. 3 self-presentation, a behavioural manifestation of the self - how ppl present themselves to others. Highlights 2 important points about the inner self and the outer self we show to others. The capacity for self-reflection is necessary for ppl to feel as if they understand their own motives and emotions and the cause of their behaviours. The self is heavily influenced by social factors. The way we manage ourselves is influenced by the ppl around us, to some extent. It shows that ppl are selective in their attention. Self-concept: refers to the sum total of beliefs that ppl have about themselves.

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