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Canada (162,366)
Psychology (1,418)
PSYC 215 (296)
Chapter

Soc Psy 1

5 Pages
84 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 215
Professor
Michael Sullivan

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Description
Social Psychology: Introduction Key Terms Behavioural genetics (20): a subfield of psychology that examines the role of genetic factors in behaviour Cross-cultural research (20): research designed to compare and contrast people of different cultures Evolutionary psychology (20): a subfield of psychology that uses the principles of evolution to understand human social behaviour Interactionist perspective (15): an emphasis on how both an individual’s personality and environmental characteristics influence behaviour Multicultural research (20): research designed to examine racial and ethnic groups within cultures Social cognition (18): the study of how people perceive, remember, and interpret information about themselves and others Social neuroscience (19): the study of the relation between neural and social processes Social psychology (5): The scientific study of how individuals think, feel and behave in regard to other people and how individuals’ thoughts, feelings and behaviours are affected by other people Preview  define social psychology  identify relationships with other fields  history of the field  future themes and perspectives Introduction  social interactions will probably dominate our memories because we actively seek them as a species  social contexts are a huge influence on our behaviour What is Social Psychology? Defining Social Psychology  Scientific study: social psychology is a scientific way of understanding how people behave  How Individuals Think, Feel and Behave: social psychologists are concerned with even unconscious beliefs, and they investigate a large variety of diverse attitudes in the individual (rather than on group factors)  Other People – The Social Element: overall, psychology is very diverse. Social psychology examines nonsocial factors affecting people’s behavior, and people’s attitudes towards nonsocial things when both are affected by social aspects. Even the imagined presence of others affects individuals Social Psychological Questions and Applications  Social psychology is about the social nature of humans  This field is very relevant to a large number f career paths  Social psychologists constantly seek knowledge and opportunities to use this knowledge The Power of the Social Context: An Example of a Social Psychological Experiment  Even something as crucial as our identity can be influenced by thinking about other people  STUDY: Emily Pronin, 2004. Identity bifurcation. Hypothesized that being made to think about how other women do in math (ie badly) would cause women who did well in math to disavow aspects of their feminine identity that stereotypically were contrary to success in math. If they were made to think of the stereotypes, they rated themselves as being less stereotypically feminine than women who were good at math and didn’t have the stereotype that women aren’t good at math brought to their immediate attention. The women denied their own femininity because it was associated with the stereotype Social Psychology and Related Fields: Distinctions and Intersections see table 1.2 page 10  Social Psychology and Sociology: sociology focuses on a group level, where social psychology focuses on the individual. Sociologists study the relationship between behavior and societal variables, where social psychologists relate behavior to intermediate variables  Social Psychology and Clinical Psychology: clinical psychologists seek to understand and treat people with psychological difficulties, and social psychology focuses on more typical things  Social Psychology and Personality Psychology: both are concerned with behavior, but personality psychology tries to understand differences between individuals that remain relatively stable while seeks to understand how social factors affect individuals, regardless of personality  Social Psychology and Cognitive Psychology: these intersect heavily, as both are concerned with how people think, remember, behave and reason, however for social psychologists, it’s with respect to social information Social Psychology and Common Sense  People often see social psychology as equivalent to common sense, however one must distinguish what is fact from what is myth. There are lots of things considered to be “common sense” that have no scientific foundation, thus clearly there is not as much overlap as one would think From Past To Present: A Breif History of Social Psychology  No scientific study of social psychology developed until the end of the 19 century The Birth and Infancy of Social Psychology: 1880s-1920s  Norman Triplett often considered to be the founder of the field due to his observation that cyclists race faster when observed  Max Ringlemann also studied the presence of others on the performance of individuals, but though his research was also in the 1880s, it wasn’t published until 1913  Neither of these men established social psychology as a distinct field – William MacDougall, Edward Ross and Floyd Allport wrote the first textbooks on the subject, thus establishing the field A Call to Action: 1930s-1950s  Hitler possibly had the largest impact on social psychology in this era – he generated loads of controversial questions best suited to be answered by the field of social psychology  Gordon Allport helped to found the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues in 1936  Muzafer Sherif published information on how groups can heavily influence their members in the dame year  Kurt Lewin helped establish some of the fundamental principles of social psychology:  What we do depends to a large extent on how we perceive and interpret the world around us: different people see things differentl
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