Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Psychology (1,418)
PSYC 332 (129)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4 notes.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 332
Richard Koestner

Chapter 4  Trait talk = generalization (talking and characterizing about people on a daily basis) o Could be true and useful, but do not apply to a person’s everyday instances  Trait attributions = relative, approximations o No single trait can characterize any person – too many different situations  Trait talk = a natural way to account for human individuality  Trait o Consistencies within a person (beaviour of a person) o Internal dispositions that are relatively stable over time and in different situations o Conceived in bipolar terms → high friendliness to low friendliness (unfriendliness) o Additivie and independent → traits combine as independent qualities of the person o Traits refer to broad individual differneces in socioemotional functioning  Generalized behavior patterns in response to emotions  4 positions of the nature of traits: o Allport → neuropsychic structures: exist in the CNS, patternings of neurophysiology (neurotransmitter release etc. ) o Behavioural dispotitions → mechanisms of human functioning o Buss and Craik→ act-frequency: traits are merely anguage categories for the organization of behavioural acts o Linguistic categories→ you use the terms simply to organize reality- they are just words and have no meaning beyond our shared social construction  The first and fourth positions contradict: o Cannot be neuropsychic structures that cause the behavior if they are at the same time, fictions of the mind of observers o Most contemporary psychoogistis view traits as dispositions (second position)  Have causal influence on haviours  And exist in interaction with situational factors  Traits are not simply descriptive summaries of act categories, but also
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 332

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.