PSYC 406 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Intellectual Disability, Mental Status Examination, Interpersonal Attraction

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Similarities between an interview and a test: method for gathering data, used to make predictions, evaluated in terms of reliability and validity, group or individual, structured or unstructured. Reciprocal nature of interviewing: there is a mutual interaction between interviewer and interviewee. Findings show that in criminal interviews, the level of activity of the criminal was dependent on that of other criminals. In another study, when professional actors responded with anger to highly trained interviewers, the interviewers became angry themselves and showed anger towards the actors social facilitation. This involves acting like the models around us. Principles of effective interviewing: the proper attitudes: Studies show that interpersonal influence is related to interpersonal attraction. Attitudes for good interviewing include warmth, acceptance, understanding, openness and honesty. The most important factor in the patient"s evaluation was their perception of the interviewer"s feelings: responses to avoid: Judgmental or evaluative statements are likely to inhibit the interviewee.

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