Textbook Notes (362,734)
Canada (158,032)
Psychology (1,390)
PSYC 471 (73)

human motivation article notes

2 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
PSYC 471
Richard Koestner

Motivation Article #8: The Making of an Expert Outstanding performance is the product of years of deliberate practice and coaching, not of any innate talent or skill. The Polgars homeschooled their three daughters, and as part of their education the girls started playing chess with their parents at a very young age. Their systematic training and daily practice paid off. By 2000, all three daughters had been ranked in the top 10 female players in the world. The youngest had become a grand master at age 15, breaking the previous record for the youngest person to earn that title, Bobby Fisher. Bloom’s work found no early indicators that could have predicted the virtuoso’s success. Subsequent research indicated that there is no correlation between IQ and expert performance. The only innate differences that turn out to be significant are height and body size. All the superb performers investigated had practised intensively, had studied with devoted teachers and had been supported enthusiastically by their families throughout their developing years. The amount and quality of practice were key factors in the level of expertise people achieved. The development of genuine expertise requires struggle, sacrifice and honest, often painful, self-assessment. There are no shortcuts. It will take you at least a decade to achieve expertise, and you will need to invest that time wisely, by engaging in deliberate practice—practice that focuses on tasks beyond your current level of competence and comfort. You will need a well- informed coach not only to guide you through deliberate practice but also to help you learn how to coach yourself. What is an Expert? Current research has revealed many fields where there is no scientific evidence that supposed expertise leads to superior performance. A study showed that psychotherapists with degrees and decades of experience aren’t reliably more successful in their treatment of patients than novice therapists with 3 months of training. There are even examples of expertise seeming to decline with experience. The longer physicians have been out of training, for example, the less able they are to identify unusual diseases of the lungs or heart. Performance picks up only after the doctors undergo a refresher course. Real expertise must pass 3 tests: 1) It must lead to performance that is consistently superior to that of the expert’s peers 2) Real expertise produces concrete results (a chess player must be able to win matches) 3) True expertise can be replicated and measured in a lab Things to Look for When Judging Expertise • Individual accounts of expertise are often unreliable There is a huge body of literature on false memories, self-serving biases, and recollections altered as a result of current beliefs or the passage of time. • Many people are wrongly believed to possess expertise • The idea that you can improve your performance by relaxing and just trusting your gut is popular. You cannot consistently improve your ability to make decisions without cons
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 471

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.