Connell and Dowsett Reading Notes

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
RELG 271
Professor
David Jacob Koloszyc
Semester
Winter

Description
“The Unclear Motion of the Generative Parts” Frameworks in Western thought on sexuality Connell and Dowsett Reading Notes­ Jan 9 Nativism • Our cultures thinking about sexuality is the assumption that a given pattern of  sexuality is native to the human constitution • Nativist assumption is that sexuality is fundamentally pre­social • Nativism was mainly expressed in religious terms until recently • In ascetic Christian tradition, sexuality was read as “lust”—it was seen as an  aspect of fallen humanity—something to be overcome  • Monasticism▯  Becoming a monk  • Chastity as ideal spread through monasteries • An attack on married priests was a major feature of Pope Gregory VII’s church  reforms in the eleventh century—occurred in the context of assertion of the  centralized power of the papacy and its attempts to control the priesthood more  generally  • Asceticism▯  a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from worldly pleasures, often  with the aim of pursuing religious and spiritual goals  • Anti­clericalism▯  is a historical movement that opposes the clergy for reasons  including their actual or alleged power and influence in all aspects of public and  political life and their involvement in the everyday life of the citizen, their  privileges, or their enforcement of orthodoxy • Late 19  century­ Scientific nativism replaces nativism—Darwin’s Descent of  Man­ published in 1874, marks the shift • Sexual selection­ alongside natural selection as a mechanism of evolution • Krafft­Ebing­ Psychopathia Sexualis­ the marker of scientific nativism applied to  humans • Classified and catalogued the many types of sexual degeneracy  • Sexual otherness­ ‘hereditary taint’ • Freud▯produced a detailed developmental model of human sexuality­ bringing  childhood sexuality into focus  • Arguments demonstrated the protean character of sexual motivation and the  significant of sexuality for human psychology generally  • Ellis▯added a more sympathetic documentation of the range of sexual practices 
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