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SOCI 250 (10)
Chapter 10

Tepperman Chapter 10

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Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 250
Jason Carmichael

Tepperman Chapter TenWar and Terrorism TermsIdeologya system of beliefs that explains how society is or should be any system of ideas underlying and informing political action In a Marxist sense ideological ideas justify and legitimate subordination of one group to another World systems theorya conception of the modern social world that views it as comprising one interlinked entity with an international division of labour unregulated by any one political structure Developed by Immanuel Wallerstein this theory seeks to explain the uneven pace of development in the world by looking at the unequal relations between different countries Imperialismthe exercise of political and economic control by one state over the territory of another often by military means Developing countries are often the focus of imperialistic and exploitative activities that stifle their own development and concentrate their resources and labour for the profits of advanced capitalist countries Globalizationthe integration on a world scale of economic activities and peoples by units of private capital and improved communications technology and transportation In other words globalization is the trend of increasing interdependence between the economies and societies of the world Social movementsbroad social alliances of people who seek to affect or block an aspect of social change within a society While they may be informally organized they may in time form formal organizations such as political parties and labour unions Examples of social movements include political movements labour movements the womens movement environmental movements and peace movements Warviolent usually armed conflict between states or people This includes armed conflict undeclared battles civil conflicts guerrilla wars covert operations and even terrorism It is often argued that warfare is a culturally influenced phenomenon rather than simply biologically determined instinctual aggressiveness This would explain why some countries and cultures are more prone to warfare Collective violenceoften organized by a group of individuals or a social movement this type of violence issued to promote an agenda or to resist an oppressive other Interpersonal violenceviolent interactions occurring between individuals such as murder rape and domestic and child abuse Genocidethe deliberate systematic and planned killing of an entire national ethnic racial or political group Posttraumatic stress disordera form of psychological distress produced by a traumatic experience such as crime victimization sexual assault or military combat Symptoms include nervousness sleep disturbances disruption of concentration anxiety depression irrational fear and flashbacks triggered by loud noises such as thunder or a cars backfiring Relative deprivationthe feelings and judgements of an individual or members of a group when they compare themselves to others who are betteroff materially People make judgements relative to standards or frames of reference The feelings generated contribute to the formation of social movements Page 260267INTRODUCTIONThroughout history there has been no time where there has been no war or conflictdesire to wage war is a human universalHowever Canadians do not like to go to war and only go to war if they are pushed into it usually by a loyalty like Britain Therefore the desire to wage war is not universal War is not only a political act but also a political instrumenthave to understand politics Some groups are more prone to war than others same applies to different historical periodsWars and how theyre explained and fought are largely the result of social constructionsense of threat depiction of dangers and enemies waiting to overwhelmDepictions of the enemy are often intended to confuse us and dehumanize the enemyeasier for us to hate those in question War has important health and social outcomesWar is often good for the economy but bad for living thingsnuclear chemical and bacterial weaponsWar may solve problems in the short run but affects everyone in the long runTo avoid resurgence we need to understand wars roots in politics ideology and religionPOLITICS THE STATE AND WARFAREThe Role of the Statea set of public organizations that makes and enforces decisions binding every member of a societyincludes an elected government civil service courts police and military
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