Textbook Notes (363,339)
Canada (158,341)
SOCI 250 (10)
Chapter 13

Tepperman Chapter 13

12 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 250
Jason Carmichael

Tepperman Chapter ThirteenSchools Terms Ascribed statusesstatuses assigned to individuals because of certain traits beyond their control Social mobilitythe process by which individuals and families move up an economic or status hierarchyPrimary labour markethigh wagepaying jobs that provide chances to get ahead and that offer job security Secondary marginal labour markethighturnover lowerpaying and generally unstable employment These jobs offer very little chance to get ahead and little job security Socializationthe process by which people internalize and learn their culture much of which occurs during childhood Meritocracythe holding of power or authority by people selected because of their abilityCredentialisma process of social selection that gives class advantage and social status to people who possess academic advantageCredential inflationthe tendency of schools to provide and employers to demand evermore schooling and everhigher credentials for work that is no more demanding or complexProfessionalizationthe process by which an occupation raises its standing by limiting the number of entrants and regulating their behaviourOvereducationhaving more education than is actually needed to successfully perform employment roles and functionsBullyingany form of repeated aggression marked by an observable power difference between individualsPages 347359INTRODUCTIONAbout students teachers school administration and school curriculum About the successes and failures of schooling in Canadian societyIssues of educational opportunity as well as the various social and cultural hindrances that influence educational outcomes DEFINING EDUCATION AND ITS SOCIAL PROBLEMS Ascribed Statuses Stratification and Inequality Ascribed statuses are social statuses assigned to people beyond their control and without regard for achieved meritfamily structure socioeconomic status sex race or ethnic backgroundThey also significantly affect an individuals education outcomeThey alter future economic advantages later in lifeThe pursuit of higher education can produce greater social and economic advantageEducation is a means of gaining upward social mobility Educational achievement used to be viewed as means by which talented and motivated individuals advance socially or economically Social factors affect how much education a person gets Careers Linking School and WorkPeople with different educational credentials enter at different job and income levels Some people move faster than others achieve their goals faster than others Typically postsecondary graduates enter above lesseducated candidates As well competitors may not pass all the usual road markers of education in the same orderhighly motivated achievers may move about more within an organization or occupation gaining wider experience and exposure With the development of widely accepted credentials eg valued postsecondary degrees high achievers can often move from one organization to anothergains even more experience and exposure in an industry while continually increasing their status and rewards Career mobility increase both through industrial differentiation and through the rise of educational achievement as a basis for rankingModern professions Eg medicine and law are particularly notable for the importance of higher education and educational credentials These credentials have remarkable ability to control career entries reward systems and conditions of workAmbition and education are not everything howeverAscribed characteristics are still important in the order and selection principlesMany careers still remain gendered with many ambitious women facing glass ceilingsMany employers still prefer candidates from certain ethnic or racial groups or from certain elite backgrounds All employers increasingly favour highly educated candidates over less educated onesFormal education is also important in the careermaking process People enter a career at around the same age engineer teacher etc and they advance at similar rates Throughout the ages of 1830 peoples chances are structured first by differences in credentials skills and ambitiousshape peoples educational hopes and achievements and occupational ambitionsProcess of movement through the world of work starts with movement in the world of schooling Four major theories explain the young adults transition from school into the labour force o Segmented labour market theory
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 250

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.